Before running P-Delta analysis, always check the model for simple modal analysis and gravity loads to make sure that analysis model has no stability issues or other warnings/errors.

I have tried two methods for running P-Delta, both are explained below, hope this will be helpful.

**Method 1: Initial P-Delta**

1. Define load case for e.g “P-Delta” with

2. Include all dead load cases in that P-Delta case

3. For all load cases click on ” the Stiffness at end of nonlinear case” to activate it and select “P-Delta” load case in the drop down menu.

4. Run the analysis, SAP will include the P-delta effects.

**Method 2: Non-Linear Load combos**

1. Convert all the load combos into Non-Linear P-Delta case

2. For all other load cases keep the zero initial condition

3. Run the analysis, it will include the P-delta effects.

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sir, I am working on sap2000. i need steps or video on p-delta analysis on steel structure.